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Solitary Pulse Generation by Backward Raman Scattering in H2 -Filled Photonic Crystal Fibers

Abdolvand A, Nazarkin A, Chugreev AV, Kaminski CF, Russell PStJ, "Solitary Pulse Generation by Backward Raman Scattering in H2-Filled Photonic Crystal Fibers", Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 183902, 2009, doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.103.183902, | pdf


Using a hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber as a nonlinear optical gas cell, we study amplification of ns-laser pulses by backward rotational Raman scattering. We find that the amplification process has two characteristic stages. Initially, the pulse energy grows and its duration shortens due to gain saturation at the trailing edge of the pulse. This phase is followed by formation of a symmetric pulse with a duration significantly shorter than the phase relaxation time of the Raman transition. Stabilization of the Stokes pulse profile to a solitonlike hyperbolic secant shape occurs as a result of nonlinear amplification at its front edge and nonlinear absorption at its trailing edge (caused by energy conversion back to the pump field), leading to a reshaped pulse envelope that travels at superluminal velocity.