Kiwanuka SS, Laurila T, Kaminski CF, "Sensitive Method for the Kinetic Measurement of Trace Species in Liquids Using Cavity Enhanced Absorption Spectroscopy with Broad Bandwidth Supercontinuum Radiation", Anal. Chem., 82 (17), pp 7498–7501 (2010), DOI:10.1021/ac1012255 |
A novel spectrometer for the rapid and sensitive detection of liquid phase analytes at trace concentrations is presented. Broad bandwidth supercontinuum radiation was coupled into a linear optical cavity incorporating an intracavity liquid-sample cuvette. Cavity enhanced absorption spectra of trace species covering more than 300 nm were acquired on time scales of milliseconds. Single shot acquisition times of 10-50 ms are demonstrated here. The effective absorption path length exceeds 2 m in sample volumes measuring 2.7 mL. A key feature of the instrument is that it can be calibrated using cavity ring-down spectroscopy without the requirement of changing the optical alignment. The sensitivity of the instrument is
exemplified by measurements of trace concentrations of dye molecules and nickel sulfate dissolved in water. A minimum detectable absorption coefficient of 9.1×10-7cm – 1 Hz - ½ at 550 nm was obtained. The capability to capture broad bandwidth absorption spectra on short time scales permits kinetic studies of liquid phase reactions. We demonstrate this by recording the oscillatory behavior of a Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction.