Burns IS, Kaminski CF, "Diode laser induced fluorescence for gas-phase diagnostics", Z. Phys. Chem., 225 (11-12), 1343-1368, (2011), |
We highlight the capabilities and potential of diode laser induced ﬂuorescence for measurements in gas-phase reacting ﬂows. Many applications of diode lasers in practical sensing are based on absorption spectroscopy. Fluorescence-based diagnostics possess similar advantages in terms of practicality and implementation-cost but additionally are capable of achieving excellent spatial resolution. Diode laser ﬂuorescence instruments have been employed for high-sensitivity trace gas monitoring in applications ranging from plasma physics to atmospheric chemistry. This article begins by describing the UV-visible diode laser technology used to perform ﬂuorescence. The principles of diode laser induced ﬂuorescence are then reviewed and a comparison is made with absorption spectroscopy. Examples are given of concentration measurements of both atomic and molecular trace gases. Recent work on using diode laser induced atomic ﬂuorescence for precision measurements of ﬂame temperature is also reviewed. We conclude by a discussion of future opportunities for diode laser ﬂuorescence spectroscopy drawing attention to interesting potential target species as well as novel application areas, such as monitoring of synthesis processes for nanomaterials.